Taking good care of your skin is essential to maintain a youthful and healthy complexion. However, with so many different products out there, it can be overwhelming to choose the right ones for your skin type. From antioxidants to retinol, every skincare ingredient offers different benefits and addresses different skin care concerns.

In this article, we will guide you through the world of skincare, breaking down the pros and cons of each ingredient, what they can be paired with as well as some of our favorite products.

Hyaluronic Acid

This popular ingredient due to its ability to hydrate and plump the skin. It can be found in serums, moisturizers, and even facemasks. One of the best things about hyaluronic acid is it can safely be paired with retinoids and vitamin C and even improves their effectiveness. 

Incorporating hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine can improve the overall appearance and health of your skin.  

Vitamin C

A powerful antioxidant that offers a wide range of benefits for your skin. It can help brighten your complexion, even out skin tone, reduce the appearance of fine lines, and tackle the overall dullness of your skin. It is also known to boost collagen production, which can help improve firmness and elasticity of the skin. 

Most people opt for a vitamin C serum due to the higher concentration but you can find it in a variety of products and even in some common foods we eat such as oranges and papaya. 

Vitamin C should be incorporated into your morning routine but always remember to wear your SPF with this ingredient so you can prolong any further damage. You are safe to use vitamin C with hyaluronic acid and niacinamide. Avoid using it in the same routine as retinoids. 


According to healthline.com, Retinoids and Retinol are not entirely different. Retinol is just a type of retinoid that is derived from vitamin A.

Retinol is a popular skincare ingredient that has been widely used for its anti-aging properties. It is highly effective in improving the texture and tone of skin, reducing fine lines and wrinkles, and promoting cell turnover. 

Retinol is best used in your nighttime routine as it can increase sensitivity to sunlight. It is important to start with a low concentration and gradually increase use to avoid irritation and dryness. It is also important to note that retinoids should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

While retinol can provide great results, it is not for everyone and should be used with caution. As with any skincare, it is important to consult with your dermatologist to understand if retinol is right for you.  


A multitasking ingredient offering a wide range of benefits. Niacinamide has gained popularity due to its ability to regulate oil production and minimize pores, and improve skin texture.

One of the best things about niacinamide is that it can be used with a variety of other skincare ingredients, making it a versatile addition to your skincare routine. It can be used alongside retinol, vitamin C, and hyaluronic acid to enhance their benefits.  

You can use niacinamide in your AM or PM routine (or even both). Apply before your heavier creams and moisturizers. With consistent use, it can improve the overall health and appearance of your skin. 


Alpha-hydroxy acids and beta-hydroxy acids are the same in the fact that they are both acids that exfoliate the skin. However, they work in different ways. 

  • AHAs are water-soluble acids that reduce fine lines and wrinkles and brighten the complexion. They can be paired with glycolic acid and salicylic acid to enhance their effectiveness. Common AHAs include lactic acid and glycolic acid.
  • BHAs are oil-soluble acids that penetrate deeper into the skin helping to unclog pores and improve inflammation, and skin texture. They can be paired with niacinamide and azelaic acid.

Both AHAs and BHAs are most effective in their leave-on form, such as toners, serums, and creams. It’s important to wear SPF with these ingredients as they can cause increased sensitivity to sunlight. 

Azelaic Acid

A versatile ingredient that is great for acne-prone skin as it unclogs pores and reduces inflammation. It also has brightening properties that can help fade dark spots and even out skin tone. 

Azelaic acid can be used with multiple other ingredients such as retinol, niacinamide, and vitamin C. 

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is a popular skincare ingredient that is known for its ability to effectively treat acne. It works by killing the bacteria that cause acne and reducing inflammation. 

Most people use benzoyl peroxide in cleanser form or as a spot treatment. It can be paired with hyaluronic acid and niacinamide. Be sure to use moisturizer as it can dry out your skin. 


Ceramides play a crucial role in maintaining the health and integrity of the skin’s barrier. They are essential for retaining moisture and protecting the skin against external aggressors such as pollution and UV rays. 

Ceramides are best consumed in moisturizer form so that your skin can soak it in. When paired with hyaluronic acid and niacinamide, ceramides can further boost the skin’s hydration levels and improve overall texture and appearance. 


Arbutin is a skincare ingredient known for its skin-brightening properties. It works by inhibiting melanin production in the skin, which can help with the appearance of dark spots, hyperpigmentation, and uneven skin tone. 

Often used in serums, moisturizers, and masks. Arbutin is particularly effective for those with sensitive skin as it is a natural alternative to harsher chemical agents. 

When using products with arbutin, it is important to use SPF during the day to protect the skin and prevent further damage


Sunscreen is arguably the most important skincare ingredient to use because it prevents all of the skincare concerns we are constantly trying to reverse. 

There are two main types of sunscreen: chemical and mineral. While chemical sunscreens work by absorbing the sun’s rays, mineral sunscreens create a physical barrier on the skin that reflects the sun’s rays. This key difference makes mineral sunscreens a safer and more effective option for sun protection. 

  • Chemical sunscreens have been shown to be harmful to both humans and the environment. When absorbed into the skin, these chemicals can disrupt hormone function and cause skin irritation. Additionally, when washed off, these chemicals can harm marine life and damage coral reefs.
  • Mineral sunscreens, on the other hand, are made of natural ingredients such as zinc oxide, making them safer and more eco-friendly. 


The world of skincare ingredients is vast and ever-evolving. There are a variety of ingredients that help address a range of skin concerns, however, it’s important to remember that everyone’s skin is unique and what works for one, may not work for another. 

It is always a good idea to consult with a skincare professional before incorporating new ingredients into your routine. 

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